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What is jacquard fabric? Different types of jacquard fabric.

jacquard fabric
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Jacquard</p> <p>The term jacquard is not specific or limited to any particular loom but rather refers to the additional control system that automates the patterning. The process can also be used for patterned knitwear and machine knitted fabrics such as jerseys. This use of replaceable punch cards to control the sequence of activities is considered an important step in the history of computing hardware.

Both the Jacquard process and the necessary loom attachments have been named after their inventors. This process is probably one of the most important weaving discoveries as jacquard shedding makes it possible to automate the production of a wide variety of pattern weaving.

History of Jacquard

The machine was invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1804, based on earlier inventions by the French Basile Bouchon, Jean-Baptiste Falcon, and Jack Vaucanson. The instrument was controlled by a chain of cards; multiple punch cards were strung together in a continuous sequence. Multiple rows of holes were drilled in each card with a complete card similar to one row in the design. In the pictures below there are several such paper cards that are usually white in color. Chains like the previous use of paper tape used to create sequences of any length are not limited by the size of any card.

Jacquard fabric

Jacquard fabric is a specially woven fabric made using jacquard weaving and can be woven to make a variety of materials such as cottonpolyester, silk, and acrylic. These fabrics are most commonly used in home products and upholstery materials, because of their density and texture. They can be seen in brightly colored and patterned fabrics like sari making as well as textured and patterned coats and formalwear.

Jacquard loom

The jacquard machine is a device attached to a loom that simplifies the process of making textiles with intricate patterns such as brocade, damask, and metallic the resulting design of the loom and jacquard machine is later called a jacquard loom.

Jacquard-powered looms are relatively common in the textile industry and are not as ubiquitous as dobby looms are generally quick and much cheaper to handle. Moreover, dobby looms are not capable of producing so many different weaves from one warp. Present Jacquard machines are computer-controlled in place of the original punch cards that can have thousands of hooks.

Threading a jacquard machine is so labor-intensive that many looms are threaded only once. The warps are then tied to the existing warp with a knitting robot that binds each new thread individually. Even the process of re-threading for a small loom with a few thousand warp finishes can take a few days.

Jacquard fabric characteristics

  1. Jacquard fabric is durable and stable fabric,
  2. It is strong and resilient,
  3. It is wearing and wrinkle-resistant,
  4. Its hand-feel very pleasant,
  5. It is filled with decorative aesthetics.

Type of jacquard machine

  1. Double lift single-cylinder jacquard (DLSC),
  2. Double lift double cylinder jacquard (DLDC),
  3. Single lift single-cylinder jacquard (SLSC).
  4. Open shed jacquard,
  5. Semi-open shed jacquard,
  6. Center close shed jacquard,
  7. Bottom close shed jacquard.
  8. Power jacquard,
  9. Hand jacquard.
  10. Vertical jacquard,
  11. Horizontal jacquard.

Working principle of the jacquard loom

The cards are tied in an unbroken chain that passes over a square box. During each quarterly rotation, a new card is presented to Jacquard Head that presents a row. The box is displayed in a position to the right and presses against the control rods. Where there is a hole the rod goes through the card and is unmoved where the rod can be pushed to the left if the hole is not drilled. Each rod works on a hook. When the rod is pushed in, the hook moves to the left outside the position, leaving the hook of a rod that does not push in place. Then a beam goes up under the hook and those hooks left in the rest are raised; The hooks that have been displaced are not removed by the beam. Each hook can have multiple cords. The cords go through the guide and are attached to their handle and a return weight. The headlights extend the warp to create a shed through which the weft-carrying shuttle will pass. A 400-hook head weaver can have four-thread connections with each hook, resulting in a fabric fall that ends 1600 warps wide with four repetitions of weaving.

Types of Jacquard fabric

There are different types of jacquard fabric, such as below-

  1. Brocade jacquard fabric:Brocade is generally woven on a draw or jacquard loom. This is a complementary weft strategy, that is, the decorative brocading is produced by complementary, non-structured, wefts in addition to the standard wefts that hold the warp threads together. The purpose is to make the loom look like it was embroidered.It shows a raised pattern in relief against the background and may or may not use metallic thread as part of the pattern. It is normally a heavy fabric that is mostly used in upholstery, and decorative and luxurious garments.
  2. Damask jacquard fabric:Although it looks like brocade these are much more subtle and perfect than their appearance. Damask is a patterned fabric woven with mostly single colors. The fibers commonly used to make this type of fabric include silk fibers, linen fibers, cotton fibers, rayon fibers, or combinations of other synthetic fibers.
  3. French Jacquard:Frenchjacquard fabric is one of the most widely used fabrics in the export industry, for making comfortable and itch-free garments. We count French jacquard fabric that is 100% polyester jacquard crepe fabric, in a variety of sizes and a wide range of GSM. It is used in Garments, Home decor, Scarves, etc.
  4. Poly X Cationic Jacquard:Poly X CationicJacquard fabric is one of the most widely used fabrics in the garment industry. This form of jacquard contains a blend of polyester and Cationic yarn that gives it a Dual dyeing effect for the unique color effect and combination of the garment. In order to fulfill the ever-changing demands of different clients, these fabrics engaged in offering a quality range of poly X Cationic Jacquard. This range is available in different sizes, patterns, and lengths as per the diverse and emerging demands of the clients. Additionally, the range offered by Poly X Cationic Jacquard includes polyester and cationic yarn. It gives a unique coloring effect and durability.
  5. Jacquard nets:It is one of the musts among the fabrics used throughout the lingerie industry and wearing a variety of fancy garments such as garments. Made from nylon for the most part it creates a smooth and comfortable high-tech intimate garment and its variety makes it indispensable for both industries.
  6. Velourjacquard fabric:Velour is a knitted or woven fabric that is allowing it to stretch. It combines the stretched properties of knits with the rich look and feel of velvet. It is used for ease of movement in dancewear and is also popular for warm, colorful, casual wear. When used as upholstery, velour is often used instead of velvet.
  7. Jacquard tapes:The jacquard tape is made up of a combination of different warp & weft in various colors using beautiful jacquard designs. Jacquard tape is made very well in weaving, thus jacquard tape looks fantastic. An exclusive range of jacquard polyester tape that is widely used in garments, textiles, medical, and footwear industries. Available in a multitude of designs, patterns, and colors. These jacquard tapes are sold at highly economical prices.
  8. 3D weaving:3D weaving is a completely new concept in weaving. The first method of the 3D woven fabric refers to 3-dimensional fabrics, it is the length, width, and width of bread in 3-dimensional fabrics, the thickness is an important criterion. Ordinary fabrics also have length, width, and height but in 3-dimensional fabrics, the thickness is much greater than ordinary fabric. Thickness is achieved by forming a multiplayer using a multi-series of warps and a multi-series of wefts that intersect at regular 90o angles as a general fabric weaving principle.

Uses of jacquard fabric

  1. Typically jacquard fabrics are most familiar used in home products and upholstery materials, because of their density and texture. They can be seen in brightly colored and patterned fabrics like saree making as well as textured and patterned coats and formalwear.
  2. Jacquard weaving uses all sorts of fibers and blends of fibers, and it is used in the manufacture of fabrics for many ends uses. It can also be used to create fabrics that have a Matelassé or brocade pattern.

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